In Response to “The Time Is Now: A Plan to Redesign Family Medicine Residency Education”

Ashton Gatewood, MPH, BS | Michael Harding, MD

Fam Med. 2022;54(5):405-405.

DOI: 10.22454/FamMed.2022.556609

To the Editor:

Dr Green and colleagues’ recent article1 proposing a redesign of family medicine residencies was both interesting and timely. One of the tenets of the proposed redesign is transitioning ownership of family medicine residency programs from academic medical centers to community organizations. The authors specifically mention “federally qualified health centers (FQHCs), system-owned practices, clinician-owned practices, and innovative health care delivery models such as direct care practices” as potential sponsors.1 We believe that Tribal partnerships offer an additional avenue forward.

Tribal-based residency programs are an archetypal example of establishing a training program in a community with the shared “ties, troubles, and traditions” that Green and colleagues describe. The authors state, “Implementing this network of partnerships will require a significant investment in building community trust, beginning with transparency, listening, colearning, humility, and willingness to share/release power and control.”1 That is certainly the case for Tribal-based programs, and all the above-mentioned steps honor their sovereignty and self-determination.

The family medicine specialty is well positioned to initiate Tribal community-based residency programs to address disparities by forming “community-owned and operated residencies.”1,2 Coupled with the $19.2 million from Health Resources and Services Administration’s American Rescue Plan to support and expand community-based primary care residency programs in rural and underserved communities, these programs would expand resources and establish a pipeline for recruitment and retention of American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) physicians.5 According to the Association of American Medical Colleges, 41.5% of AI/AN physicians practice in primary care, with the highest number in family medicine.3 By engaging Tribal health system faculty, integrating community leadership and cultural values, and connecting to national networks such as the American Association of American Indian Physicians, tribally-affiliated family medicine residencies can “develop excellent personal physicians and create a true medical home for their patients.”1,2,4


  1. Green LA, Miller WL, Frey JJ III, et al. The time is now: a plan to redesign family medicine residency education. Fam Med. 2022;54(1):7-15. doi:10.22454/FamMed.2022.197486
  2. Association of American Medical Colleges, Association of American Indian Physicians. Reshaping the Journey: American Indians and Alaska Natives in Medicine. Association of American Medical Colleges Washington; 2018.
  3. Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. ACGME Data Resource Book. 2019-2020. Accessed November 3, 2021. Https://www.Acgme.org/About-Us/Publications-and-Resources
  4. Sundberg MA, Charge DPL, Owen MJ, Subrahmanian KN, Tobey ML, Warne DK. Developing graduate medical education partnerships in American Indian/Alaska Native communities. J Grad Med Educ. 2019;11(6):624-628. doi:10.4300/JGME-D-19-00078.1
  5. HHS Press Office. HHS announces availability of $19.2 million to expand training of primary care residents in rural and underserved communities. Updated 2022. Accessed February 8, 2022. https://www.hhs.gov/about/news/2022/02/03/hhs-announces-availability-19-2-million-expand-training-primary-care-residents-in-rural-underserved-communities.html

Lead Author

Ashton Gatewood, MPH, BS

Affiliations: Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences, Tulsa, OK


Michael Harding, MD - Medstar Franklin Square Family Medicine Residency, Baltimore, MD

Corresponding Author

Ashton Gatewood, MPH, BS

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